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Academic Infusion

“When am I supposed to fit THAT in?” — Any teacher, Anywhere USA

Teachers feel enormous pressure to teach within prescribed curriculum frameworks and to ensure their students perform well on standardized tests. It is helpful to provide teachers with options for teaching conflict resolution that don’t involve adding a new program onto an already full curriculum. Infusion of CRE concepts into core curricula is one of these options.  Teachers can seek out opportunities to teach about conflict resolution while proceeding with their normal lesson plans. 

Definition: What Is Infusion?
Infusion can be implemented by identifying where conflict and social/emotional skills and concepts are related to core curriculum content.  Alternatively, infusion can be organized by themes, for example, using a theme of heroes and courage and connecting that to multiple content areas while observing and practicing the skills that would support heroism and courage.  Teachers have used themes to frame the positive and negative behaviors that promote effective conflict resolution and social/emotional development - friendship versus bullying, community versus isolation, tolerance versus prejudice, for example.  Other themes that teachers have organized include justice, peace and security, honesty, responsibility and other character traits.

The PBS Teachers site uses the phrase “Thematic Teaching.” They provide a useful collection of sample conflict resolution activities that cut across the various areas of the curriculum.

For more information and examples on Academic Infusion, see either our planning support module on Integrating CRE Skills and Techniques into Classroom Operations or Day 2 of our curriculum materials on Managing and Resolving Conflicts Effectively in Schools and Classrooms

Related Videos of Possible Interest

Related Catalog Resources

Below you'll find a randomized listing of up to 20 related items (we may have more...) drawn from our Resource Catalog.


Resource TitleDescriptionLinks
Integrated lessons: Collection from the National Curriculum Integration Project Pdf document presenting a series of lessons for both language arts and social studies classes which examine conflict, explore positive solutions and examine how issues of culture and bias, social and emotional learning and law related education impact conflict and its resolution. Written above title on document: NCIP (National Curriculum...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Conflict resolution across the curriculum Pdf article reprinted from the Aug/Sept 1997 Issue (Vol 79) of The Fourth R, The Newsletter of the National Association for Mediation in Education which creates an argument for the teaching of conflict resolution in colleges and universities in every academic discipline as a necessary skill for graduation much like basic writing skills classes. ...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Teaching about peace through children's literature 16-page PDF article in which author, Stan Steiner discusses teaching about peace and conflict resolution using children's literature. He believes that the instructor should: have more books than readers, have a wide variety of books in terms of level of difficulty, length and points of view and make sure that readers consume a number of books. ...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Does it work?: The case for conflict resolution education in our nation's schools In March, 2000, a gathering of educators, practitioners, and researchers took place in Washington DC in a research symposia sponsored by the United States Department of Education and convened by the Conflict Resolution Education Network. This group came to share their colective knowledge about CRE research, how the research is informing practice...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Conflict Resolution Education: A Guide to Implementing Programs in Schools, Youth-Serving Orgs A manual in pdf format providing an overview of various models for conflict resolution education program implementation. The first chapter defines conflict as a natural condition and examines the origins of conflict, responses to conflict, and the outcomes of those responses. It introduces four approaches to implementing conflict resolution...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Inside Contexts - Encountering Conflict This guide for educators explores the concept of conflict as a way to teach English in an interesting way. It was developed by the Victoria Association for the Teaching of English. It uses four texts that explore different types and levels of conflict against a variety of settings, modern and historical. The texts are The Secret River by Kate...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Conflict Resolution Education Connection teacher's calendar 2009-2010 24-page pdf calendar created by the Conflict Resolution Education for Teacher Education (CRETE) Connection Project and the Association for Conflict Resolution Education Section. "The calendar, designed to be hung by a teacher’s desk, provides short takes on CRE tools each month along with corresponding Special Days related to conflict...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Making the case for infusing conflict resolution into the high school classroom and curriculum Pdf document which argues the need for conflict resolution education in high schools, discusses subject areas where CRE fits well, the skills students acquire and the benefits of such education. Written above title on document: NCIP (National Curriculum Integration Project). Catalog Listing

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Promise of integrating conflict resolution into the curriculum Pdf document which discusses the integration and infusion of conflict resolution education into the curriculum. Written above title on document: NCIP (National Curriculum Integration Project). Catalog Listing

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Let's Resolve Conflicts Together: Middle School Classroom Activities A 30-page guide filled with suggested activities designed to be used during Conflict Management Week (May 1-7, 2000) in Ohio Middle Schools. In the middle school classroom, making use of themes of conflict can invigorate subject areas across the curriculum. This activity booklet/guide offers ideas for improving the overall climate of the school...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Inter-agency P.E.P.: Skills for constructive living: Analytical review of selected peace education 271-page pdf document which "is one of the components of the Inter-Agency Peace Education Programme, the programme is designed for education managers of ministries dealing with both formal and non-formal education and for agencies which implement education activities on behalf of the government ... this document presents a compilation of resource...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Conflict Resolution and U.S. History - Sample Lesson - War Between Mexico and U.S. This 111-page pdf provides a full kit for a classroom activity focused on learning U.S. history within a conflict resolution framework. The activity, focused around the war between the United States and Mexico in the 1840s, sets up a negotiation and mediation between two historical figures from the period. The activity comes from Volume One: The...(see more) Catalog Listing

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NCIP resource guide: "Developing caring citizens and skilled problem solvers" Pdf document presented as a guide for integrating the principles and practices of conflict resolution into the middle school classroom culture and curriculum. Topics addressed include: Educational Theories; Core Components of an Integrated Program; Integrating Four Related Fields; Comprehensive Conflict Resolution Curriculum Outline; Creating a...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Recommended Guidelines for Effective Conflict Resolution Education Programs These Recommended Guidelines for Effective Conflict Resolution Education Programs, released in 2002, are the product of work begun by a committee of the Conflict Resolution Education Network (CREnet) and completed by the Association for Conflict Resolution (ACR). The Guidelines outline how elementary and secondary school teachers, administrators,...(see more) Catalog Listing

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GIRC Annotated Bibliography of Conflict Resolution Resources An annotated bibliography from the Global Issues Resource Center on conflict resolution resources covering the topics of bullying prevention, classroom management, and trauma & violence prevention. Includes books, curricula, videotapes, simulations and games. Catalog Listing

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The Dignity in Schools Campaign Model Code on Education and Dignity The Dignity in Schools Campaign Model Code on Education and Dignity presents a set of recommended policies to schools, districts and legislators to help end school pushout and protect the human rights to education, dignity, participation and freedom from discrimination. The Code is the culmination of several years of research and dialogue with...(see more) Catalog Listing

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Comprehensive peer mediation evaluation project: Insights and directions for curriculum integration Pdf document which discusses the Comprehensive Peer Mediation Evaluation Project, conducted over a three year period. Written above title on document: NCIP (National Curriculum Integration Project). Catalog Listing

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Conflict Management Week High School Activity Guide A 30-page guide filled with suggested activities to be used during Conflict Management Week (May 1-7, 2000) in Ohio High Schools. Catalog Listing

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Teaching all students constructive conflict resolution through academic coursework Pdf document proposing the teaching of conflict resolution through academic coursework, with bibliography. Written above title on document: NCIP (National Curriculum Integration Project). Catalog Listing

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Managing and resolving conflicts effectively in schools and classrooms A multipart learning module developed by the National Training and Technical Assistance Center for Drug Prevention and School Safety Coordinators which contains a five-day curriculum which providing educators and administrators with the skills and techniques to manage and eventually reduce conflict in schools. Day 1 addresses conflict and conflict...(see more) Catalog Listing

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